Portal of the Observatory of Transport and Logistics in Spain

Transport and mobility are a fundamental aspect of today's society. In order to improve and guarantee its proper functioning, it is essential to have a global vision and to have reliable, updated, transparent and accessible information on transport and logistics activity in Spain.

OTLE areas


imagen Mobility

OTLE analyses the mobility of passengers and freight from a global perspective, considering all modes of transport (road, rail, air and sea) and areas (national and international).

  • Intercity passenger transport

    449,651 million passenger-kilometres in 2022, of which almost 86 % are road journeys.

  • International passenger transport

    More than 334 million annual passengers in 2022. Road and air travel are in the top positions.

  • Freight

    2,146 million tonnes in 2022, of which 73 % are of national origin and destination. In domestic transport 95.7 % is by road and in international transport 77.4 % is by sea.


imagen Socioeconomics

Given the importance of socioeconomic aspects in any activity, especially in transport and logistics, we include information on macroeconomic aggregates, companies, employment, investment, prices and costs, etc.

  • Transport and storage sector

    Production of 149,788 million euros, value added of 51,624 million euros, 210,017 companies and 986,700 jobs in 2022.

  • Foreign investment

    In 2022, net investment in transport and storage activities by Spanish companies amounted to 1,368 million euros. In that same year, 1,240 million euros were invested in Spain from abroad.

  • Imports in transport

    459,202 million and around 261 million tonnes in 2022.

  • Exports in transport

    387,599 million euros and almost 182 million tonnes in 2022.

Infrastructure and capital

imagen Infrastructure and capital

In this section we offer global statistical information on transport infrastructures in Spain, data on rolling stock, and investments in technology and innovation.

  • Infrastructure

    165.443 kilometres of roads in 2019, a rail network of 15,820 kilometres in 2022, 46 airports (and 2 heliports) in the Aena network and 28 port authorities.

  • Road vehicle fleet

    In 2022, the national vehicle fleet consisted of 35,668,443 vehicles.

  • Internal R&D expenditure

    Companies in the transport and storage sector invested 81.8 million euros in R&D in 2022.


imagen Safety

Moving people or goods as efficiently and safely as possible is one of the biggest challenges facing the transport sector today. For this reason we have safety and accident information on all modes of transport.

  • Accident rate

    • Road transport: 97,916 accidents with victims in 2022.
    • Railway: 175 accidents in 2022.
    • Air transport: 34 accidents in commercial air transport, general aviation and other flight operations in 2022.
    • Sea transport: 7,392 emergencies in 2022.

  • Fatalities

    • Road transport: 1,746 fatalities in 2022.
    • Railway: 21 fatalities in 2022.
    • Commercial air transport: 0 in 2022.
    • Sea transport: 193 fatalities in 2022.


imagen Sustainability

We analysed three specific aspects of environmental sustainability in transport: the air pollution generated by each mode of transport, the energy consumption of each mode of transport and the amount of the population exposed to noise pollution.

  • Emissions

    84 million tonnes of CO2 were emitted in 2021 by domestic traffic. Of these, 94 % were from road transport.

  • Energy consumption

    Domestic traffic consumed 1,209,619 terajoules in 2021, with road transport being the largest contributor with 93 % of consumption.

Metropolitan transport

imagen Metropolitan transport

As a consequence of the growing importance of cities, metropolitan mobility is becoming more and more important. We analysed metropolitan transport by collective means of transport (metro, tram and bus) based on the information gathered by the Metropolitan Mobility Observatory.

  • Collective public transport

    10,642 million passenger-kilometres were added by the major metropolitan areas in 2021, with bus being the most used mode (6,011 million passenger-km) compared to rail with 4,631.

  • Línes

    1,329 urban bus lines in the main metropolitan areas and 891 kilometres of railways (metro, light rail and tramway) in 2021.

  • Revenue

    1,792 million euros in 2021 in tariff revenues.


imagen Logistics

We present a transversal approach to logistics activity, offering data on freight transport, socioeconomic data, infrastructures and information on intermodality, a key aspect in the logistics chain.

  • Tonnes transported

    2,146 million tonnes were transported by all modes of transport in 2022, including 1,565 million tonnes of domestic traffic.

  • Companies in the logistics sector

    159,723 companies in 2021, 688,632 employees and an output exceeding 66,436 million euros.

  • Intermodal transport

    • Roads: 72 million tonnes transported in 2022 by container.
    • Rail: 12.7 million tonnes transported by intermodal wagon in 2022.
    • State Ports: 177 million tonnes transported by container in 2022.

  • Infrastructure

    • Road: 34 million m2 of covered storage in 2023.
    • ADIF terminals: 7,3 million m2 of logistics area in 2022.
    • AENA airports: 243,692 m2 of cargo area in 2022.
    • State Ports: 98 million m2 of floor space in 2022.

Sector congresses and conferences